Identify all of your foreign keys in a SQL Server database

The last few months I have been working with a client whose recent development project is in need of a life preserver. The previous developers over-designed certain areas and under-designed others leaving an imbalanced system with trap doors and gotchas. Of the ‘ilities’ I’ve been focused on stability and reliability and progress is being made as it is with performance. This post will be expanded another day as this project has been eye opening on many levels including: development, project management, architecture, and business development.

Today’s treat was understanding why the system won’t fulfill gift cards with the order processing system. Which lead to the discovery of a previously unknown database trigger and investigation of some foreign-key relationships.

This is a helpful query to look up the FKs.

[sql]SELECT PKTABLE_QUALIFIER = CONVERT(SYSNAME,DB_NAME()),
PKTABLE_OWNER = CONVERT(SYSNAME,SCHEMA_NAME(O1.SCHEMA_ID)),
PKTABLE_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,O1.NAME),
PKCOLUMN_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,C1.NAME),
FKTABLE_QUALIFIER = CONVERT(SYSNAME,DB_NAME()),
FKTABLE_OWNER = CONVERT(SYSNAME,SCHEMA_NAME(O2.SCHEMA_ID)),
FKTABLE_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,O2.NAME),
FKCOLUMN_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,C2.NAME),
— Force the column to be non-nullable (see SQL BU 325751)
–KEY_SEQ = isnull(convert(smallint,k.constraint_column_id), sysconv(smallint,0)),
UPDATE_RULE = CONVERT(SMALLINT,CASE OBJECTPROPERTY(F.OBJECT_ID,’CnstIsUpdateCascade’)
WHEN 1 THEN 0
ELSE 1
END),
DELETE_RULE = CONVERT(SMALLINT,CASE OBJECTPROPERTY(F.OBJECT_ID,’CnstIsDeleteCascade’)
WHEN 1 THEN 0
ELSE 1
END),
FK_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,OBJECT_NAME(F.OBJECT_ID)),
PK_NAME = CONVERT(SYSNAME,I.NAME),
DEFERRABILITY = CONVERT(SMALLINT,7) — SQL_NOT_DEFERRABLE
FROM SYS.ALL_OBJECTS O1,
SYS.ALL_OBJECTS O2,
SYS.ALL_COLUMNS C1,
SYS.ALL_COLUMNS C2,
SYS.FOREIGN_KEYS F
INNER JOIN SYS.FOREIGN_KEY_COLUMNS K
ON (K.CONSTRAINT_OBJECT_ID = F.OBJECT_ID)
INNER JOIN SYS.INDEXES I
ON (F.REFERENCED_OBJECT_ID = I.OBJECT_ID
AND F.KEY_INDEX_ID = I.INDEX_ID)
WHERE O1.OBJECT_ID = F.REFERENCED_OBJECT_ID
AND O2.OBJECT_ID = F.PARENT_OBJECT_ID
AND C1.OBJECT_ID = F.REFERENCED_OBJECT_ID
AND C2.OBJECT_ID = F.PARENT_OBJECT_ID
AND C1.COLUMN_ID = K.REFERENCED_COLUMN_ID
AND C2.COLUMN_ID = K.PARENT_COLUMN_ID[/sql]

Identify all of your foreign keys in a SQL Server database.

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